那些长期喝咖啡的人,现在都怎样了?

来 源 | 丁香医生

策划 丁哥哥

监制 Feidi

插画 翠花



策划 丁哥哥

监制 Feidi

插画 翠花


参考文献

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[2]Gow P, Spelman T, Gardner S, Hellard M, Howell J. Estimates of the global reduction in liver disease‐related mortality with increased coffee consumption: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Dataset. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2020; 52(7):1195-1203.

[3]Dongen LV, MoLenberg FJ, Soedamah-Muthu SS, Kromhout D, Geleijnse JM. Coffee consumption after myocardial infarction and risk of cardiovascular mortality: a prospective analysis in the Alpha Omega Cohort. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2017; 106(4):1113-1120.

[4]Qian Y, Ye D, Huang H, Wu DJH. Coffee Consumption and Risk of Stroke: A Mendelian Randomization Study. Annals of Neurology 2020; 87(4):525-532.

[5] Qian J, Chen Q, Ward SM, Duan E, Zhang Y. Impacts of Caffeine during Pregnancy. Trends Endocrinol Metab 2020; 31(3):218–227.

[6]Chen, Ling-Wei, Murrin, Celine M, Mehegan, John, et al. Maternal, but not paternal or grandparental, caffeine intake is associated with childhood obesity and adiposity: The Lifeways Cross-Generation Cohort Study. The American journal of clinical nutrition 2019; 109:1648–1655.

[7]Orozco E. Habitual coffee consumption and 24-h blood pressure control in older adults with hypertension. Clinical Nutrition 2016; 35(6):1457-1463.

[8]Tybjærg NA, Mette T, Grønne N. Coffee intake and risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a Mendelian randomization study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2015; (2):551-565.

[9]Syamila M, Gedi M, Briars R, Ayed C, Gray D. Effect of temperature, oxygen and light on the degradation of β-carotene, lutein and α-tocopherol in spray-dried spinach juice powder during storage. Food chemistry 2019;284:188-97.

[10]Ding M, Bhupathiraju SN, Satija A, et al. Long­term coffee consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and a dose ­response meta­-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Circulation 2014; 129:643.

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